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Monuments in Delhi

— posted by Kya Edi under Places to visit (Delhi)

 

Delhi, located on the banks of the river Yamuna, is the National capital of India. Delhi has been known to be continuously inhabited since the 6th century BC (src Wiki). 

It is the site of many ancient and medieval monuments, archaeological sites and remains. In 1639, Mughal emperor Shahjahan built a new walled city in Delhi which served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1649 to 1857.Delhi is also widely believed to have been the site of Indraprastha, the legendary capital of the Pandavas during the times of the Mahabharata. Delhi re-emerged as a major political, cultural and commercial city along the trade routes between northwest India and the Gangetic plain after the rise of the Delhi sultanates.

After the British East India Company had gained a foothold in North East India in the late 18th century, Calcutta became the capital of British held territories under Company rule (1774–1857) and remained so under the British Raj (1857–1920). British had captured Delhi by 1857 and George V announced in 1911 that the capital of British cotrolled parts of India would move back to Delhi. A new capital city, New Delhi, was built to the south of the old city during the 1920s. When India gained independence from British rule in 1947, New Delhi was declared its capital and seat of government. As such, New Delhi houses important offices of the federal government, including the Parliament of India, as well as numerous national museums, monuments, and art galleries.
 
Top Monuments in Delhi
 


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Begumpur Masjid
The Begumpur Mosque is said to be patterned on an Iranian design planned by the Iranian architect Zahir al-Din al-Jayush


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Lal Gumbad
 
Located in Chirag Delhi, The Lal Gumbad, was built as a tomb for Shaikh Kabbiruddin Auliya (1397), a sufi saint who lived in the 14th century as a disciple of sufi saint Shaikh Raushan Chiragh–i–Delhi. The dome tomb was built with red sandstone. It is considered to be a small size replica of the Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq’s Tomb in Tughlaqabad.
 


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Bahlol Lodi's tomb

 

Bahlol Lodi, founder of Lodi dynasty died 1489 was the founder of the Afghan Lodi Dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate in India. He became the first sultan of the dynasty on 19 April 1451 (855 AH). He died in July 1489.
 


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Red Fort
 
The Red Fort is a 17th century fort complex constructed by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the walled city of Old Delhi (in present day Delhi, India) that served as the residence of the Mughal Emperors. It also served as the capital of the Mughals until 1857, when Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled by the British Indian government.
 

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Khooni Darwaza
The Khooni Darwaza (Bloody Gate) earned its name after the three princes of the Mughal dynasty - Bahadur Shah Zafar's sons Mirza Mughal and Kizr Sultan and grandson Abu Bakr, were shot by William Hodson on September 22, 1857 during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 in Delhi

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Delhi Gate Daryaganj
 
Delhi Gate is the southern gate of one of the many gates of the historic walled city of Delhi, or Shahjahanabad. The gate links the New Delhi city with the old walled city of Delhi. At present, it stands in the middle of the road, at the end of Netaji Subhash Chandra Road, in Daryaganj.
The Gate built by Emperor Shah Jahan in 1638 as part of the rubble–built high fort walls that encircled the Shahajahanabad

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Jantar Mantar
The Jantra Mantra (literally the 'instrument and formula' and often called the Jantar Mantar), is located in the modern city of New Delhi, Delhi. It consists of 13 architectural astronomy instruments, built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur, from 1724 onwards, and is one of five built by him, as he was given by Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah the task of revising the calendar and astronomical tables. There is plaque fixed on one of the structures in the Jantar Mantar observatory in New Delhi that was placed there in 1910 mistakenly dating the construction of the complex to the year 1710. Later research, though, suggests 1724 as the actual year of construction. (src Wiki)

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Feroz Shah Kotla and Ashoka Pillar
The Feroz Shah Kotla was originally a fortress built by Sultan Ferozshah Tughlaq to house his version of Delhi city called Ferozabad. A pristine polished sandstone pillar from the 3rd century B.C. rises from the palace's crumbling remains, one of many pillars left by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka; it was moved from Ambala, Punjab and re-erected in its current location in 1356. The Feroz Shah Kotla was established as a cricket ground in 1883.

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Purana Qila (Old Fort)
 
Purana Qila (Old Fort), is the inner citadel of the city of Dina-panah, founded by the second Mughal Emperor, Humayun in 1533 and completed five years later. Purana Qila and its environs flourished as the sixth city of Delhi

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Sher Shah Suri Gate  / Lal Darwaza
Sher Shah Suri Gate or Lal Darwaza, which was the South Gate to Shergarh, the city he founded, also lies opposite the Purana Qila complex, across Mathura Road, south-east of the Kairul Manzil in Delhi

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Sunehri Masjid
Sunehri Masjid is an Indian mosque located near the Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib in Chandni Chowk, Delhi, once an imperial boulevard leading to the Red Fort. Also known as the Golden Mosque, the mosque was built by Roshan-ud-Daula Zafar Khan in 1721

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Safdarjang's Tomb
 
Safdarjung's Tomb (Safdarjang ka Maqbara) is a garden tomb with a marble mausoleum in New Delhi, India. It was built in 1754 in the late Mughal Empire style

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Hazrat Nizamuddin aulia dargah
 
Nizamuddin Dargah is the dargah (mausoleum) of one of the world's most famous Sufi saints, Nizamuddin Auliya.The tombs of Amir Khusro and Jehan Ara Begum are also located within the Nizamuddin Dargah complex, and Inayat Khan's tomb is just around the corner in Delhi

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Sabz Burj (Blue Gumbad)
 
Sabz Burj (aka Blue Gumbad) on the Mathura road traffic circle near Nizamuddin Dargah, Delhi

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Isa Khan Tomb
 
Isa Khan's tomb built during his lifetime ca 1547-48 AD, is situated near the Mughal Emperor Humayun's Tomb complex in Delhiwhich was built later, between 1562-1571 AD

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Humayun's tomb
 
Humayun's tomb (Humayun ka Maqbara) is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun. The tomb was commissioned by Humayun's wife Hamida Banu Begum in 1562 AD, and designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyath, a Persian architect. The tomb is located in Nizamuddin Delhi

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Tomb of Firoz Shah Tughlaq
 
Firuz Shah Tughlaq was the Sultan of Delhi from 1351 to 1388,[after the death of Muhammad Tughlaq] and in the 1350s, he established the city of Firozabad at the site of the Feroz Shah Kotla

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Dadi ka Gumbad (Dadi Poti)
 
Located at Kharera village between Hauz Khas and Qutab road in Delhi

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Khan Khana tomb
 
Khanzada Mirza Khan Abdul Rahim Khan-e-Khana (17 December 1556 – 1627), also known as Rahim was a composer in the times of Mughal emperor Akbar, and one of his main nine ministers (Diwan) in his court, also known as the Navaratnas; he is most known for his Hindi couplets and his books on Astrology. The tomb is located in Delhi

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Chor Minar
 
Chor Minar or 'Tower of Thieves' is a 13th century minaret with 225 holes, situated just off Aurobindo Marg in the Hauz Khas area in Delhi. According to local legends, it was a 'tower of beheading', where the severed heads of thieves were displayed on spear through its 225 holes
 

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Jahaz Mahal
 
Jahaz Mahal (in Urdu Language ‘Jahaz’ means “Ship” and ‘Mahal’ means “Palace”, the “Ship Palace”), is located next to Hauz-i-Shamsi in Mehrauli, Delhi on its northeastern corner. It was so named, since its reflection (illusion) in the surrounding reservoir looked like a ship floating on a lake. It is inferred to have been built during the Lodi dynasty period (1452–1526) as a pleasure resort or a sarai or an inn.
 

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Qutub Minar
 
Qutub Minar (English: The Qutub Tower) is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Qutub Minar is constructed with red sandstone and marbel, it is the tallest free-standing stone tower in the world,and the tallest minaret in India with a height of 72.5 meters (237.8 ft), contains 379 stairs to reach the top and the diameter of base is 14.3 meters where as the last store is of 2.7 meters. The Construction was commenced by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in 1199 A.D and completed by Iltutmish

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Lodi Gardens
 
Lodi Gardens is a park in Delhi, India. Spread over 90 acres (360,000 m2), it contains, Mohammed Shah's Tomb, Sikander Lodi's Tomb, Sheesh Gumbad and Bara Gumbad, architectural works of the 15th century Sayyid and Lodis, a Pashtun dynasty which ruled much of Northern India during the 16th century

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Balban's tomb
 
The Tomb of Ghiyas ud din Balban is located in Mehrauli, New Delhi, India. Built in ca 1287 CE, in rubble masonry, the tomb is a building of historical importance in the development of Indo-Islamic architecture, as it was here that first true arch made its appearance in India

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Salimgarh fort
 
Salimgarh Fort was built in 1546 AD, in Delhi, in a former island of the Yamuna River, by Salim Shah Suri, son of Sher Shah Suri

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Masjid Khair ul Manzil
 
The Mosque was build during Akbar's reign in 1561 by Maham Anga, one of the most influential wet nurses of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. She was the mother of Adham Khan, a nobleman and a general in Akbar's army.

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Akshardham temple
 
Also referred to as Delhi Akshardham or Swaminarayan Akshardham, the complex displays millennia of traditional Indian and Hindu culture, spirituality, and architecture.
 
The building was inspired and moderated by Pramukh Swami Maharaj, the spiritual head of the Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha, whose 3,000 volunteers helped 7,000 artisans construct Akshardham. It was officially opened on 6 November 2005

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India Gate
 
The India Gate is the national monument of India. Situated in the heart of New Delhi, India Gate was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, inspired by Arch de Triumph in Paris. It was built in 1931.
 
Originally known as All India War Memorial, it is a prominent landmark in Delhi and commemorates the 90,000 soldiers of the Indian Army who lost their lives while fighting for the Indian Empire, or more correctly the British Raj in World War I and the Third Anglo-Afghan War. It is composed of red and pale sand stone and granite.

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Raj Ghat
 
Raj Ghat is a memorial to Mahatma Gandhi. Originally it was the name of a historic ghat of Old Delhi (Shahjahanabad) on the banks of Yamuna river. Close to it, and east of Daryaganj was “Raj Ghat Gate” of the walled city, opening at Raj Ghat on Yamuna River

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Tughlaqabad Fort
Tughlaqabad Fort is a ruined fort in Delhi, stretching across 6.5 km, built by Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq, the founder of Tughlaq dynasty, of the Delhi Sultanate of India in 1321, as he established the fifth historic city of Delhi, which was later abandoned in 1327. 

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